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Subjunctive Mood of Verbs
Due Date: 12/15/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

Subjunctive Mood:

How to form, When to use

 

WEIRDO Subjunctivo

·Wishes

·Emotions

·Impersonal Expressions

·Recommendations

·Doubt

·Ojalá  

 

 Use opposite endings:

-ar

e        emos

es      eis

e        en

 

-er, -ir

a           amos

as         ais

a          an

 

 

WEIRDO     Wishes

Wishing, wanting, demanding, desiring, expecting, ordering, and preferring all fall into this category. Also mentioning the nonexistence or indefiniteness of something that is desired falls into this category. Because the noun clause or dependent clause represents what we want from someone else, the actions are possible but may never occur, thus they are in the subjunctive mood and not the indicative.

·         Espero que él me compre unas flores. (I hope that he buys me flowers.)

·         Esperamos que cocines bien. (We hope that you cook well.)

·         No hay nadie que quiera sacar la basura. (There is no one that wants to take out the trash.)

·         No tengo un hombre que me compre flores. (I don’t have a man to buy me flowers.)

The following verbs are commonly used to express a wish or a want and, when used as the verb in the main clause of a sentence, will indicate that the following verb in the dependent clause will be in the subjunctive. (When no subject change occurs, the verb that follows is generally placed in the infinitive.)

agradecer

to be   grateful

insistir

to insist

no tener

not to   have

buscar

to look   for

mandar

to order

pedir

to request

desear

to wish

necesitar

to need

preferir

to prefer

esperar

to hope/to   expect

no   encontrar

not to   find

querer

to want

exigir

to demand

no haber

there   is/are not

   

 

 

 

 

WEIRDO          Emotions

Being annoyed, angry, happy, regretful, sad, scared, or surprised all fall into this category. Any personal reaction to a situation is emotional. The focus is not on a factual observation of a situation but how it makes the subject feel. Since how a person feels is always subjective, you use the subjunctive.

·         Me alegro de que sonrías. (It makes me happy that you smile.)

·         ¿Les molesta que él escuche la música fuerte? (Does it bother you that he listens to loud music?)

·         Siento mucho que no puedan venir a la fiesta. (I’m sorry that they can’t come to the party.)

Useful Verbs of Emotion

alegrarse   de *

to be glad

gustar

to like

quejarse

to complain

encantar

to be   delighted

lamentar

to regret

sentir

to feel

enojar

to be   angry

maravillar

to   astonish

sorprender

to   surprise

estar contento, enojado, triste,   etc.

to be   glad, angry, sad, etc.

molestar

to annoy

temer

to fear

tener miedo de/a que

to be   afraid that

extrañarse   que to be odd, strange that

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIRDO      Impersonal Expressions

Impersonal expressions work a lot like emotions in that they are someone’s opinion or value judgement. They focus on the subjectivity of the statement and not on the actual truth or reality of the situation.

Almost any phrase with the es + adjective + que can be an impersonal expression as long as it doesn’t state any truth (es verdad que), certainty (es cierto que), or fact (es hecho que). These are indicative. But their opposites (no es verdad que, etc.) aresubjunctive.

·         Es necesario que Jaime lea este libro. (It is necessary that Jaime reads this book.)

·         Es extraño que reciba un regalo porque no es mi cumpleaños. (It’s odd that I receive a gift because it isn’t my birthday.)

·         No es cierto que mi hermano venga. (It is not certain that my brother is coming.)

·         Es probable que vayamos a la playa. (It is probable that we are going to the beach.)

Useful Impersonal Expressions (not a complete list!)

es   agradable

it is nice

es   estupendo

it is   great

es   necesario

it is   necessary

es urgente

it is   urgent

es bueno

it is good

es extraño

it is   strange

es   probable

it is   probable

es   vergonzoso

it is a   disgrace

es curioso

it is   curious

es   importante

it is   important

es raro

it is rare

no es   cierto

it is not   certain

es dudoso

it is   doubtful

es   increíble

it is   incredible

es   recomendable

it is   recommended

no es   hecho

it is not   a fact

es   esencial

it is   essential

es malo

it is bad

es una   lástima

it is a   pity

no es   verdad

it is not   true

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIRDO      Recommendations

When a person recommends, suggests, wants, or asks another person to do (or not do) something, the subjunctive is used since whether the person will do what is recommended is uncertain and possibly may not happen. In this case, the que separates the recommender from the recommendation.

·         Mi doctor recomienda que beba más agua. (My doctor recommends for me to drink more water.)

·         Suplico que mi hija tenga más cuidado. (I beg my daughter to be more careful.)

·         Sugieren que leas este libro(They suggest for you to read this book.)

·         Dicen que veamos esa película. (They say for us to watch that movie.)

Useful Verbs of Recommendation

aconsejar

to advise

proponer

to suggest

sugerir

to suggest

decir

to say

recomendar

to   recommend

suplicar

to beg

ordenar

to order

rogar

to beg

dejar

to let,   allow

exigir

to demand

hacer

to make/to   force

insistir

to insist

mandar

to order

prohibir

to forbid

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIRDO      Doubt

Doubt indicates that a person thinks something is unreal, or hypothetical. To doubt or deny something is to question its connection with reality, making it uncertain.

·         Dudo que él tenga mi número de teléfono. (I doubt that he has my phone number.)

·         No creen que los extraterrestres existan. (They don’t believe that aliens exist.)

·         Niegas que la camisa sea mía. (You deny that the shirt is mine.)

·         No estoy seguro que mi madre venga. (I am not sure that my mother is coming.)

 

Useful Verbs of Doubt

dudar

to doubt

no creer

not to   believe

no pensar

not to   think

negar

to deny

no estar   seguro

not to be   sure

no suponer

not to   assume

no   comprender

not to   understand

no parecer

not to   seem

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indicative or Subjunctive?

Comprender (to understand), creer (to believe), estar seguro (to be sure), parecer (to seem), pensar (to think), and suponer (to assume) are all indicative as they indicate what the subject knows, believes, thinks to be true and a part of reality.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIRDO       Ojalá

Ojalá is a Spanish word with Arabic origins. Originally, it meant “Oh, Allah!" and may have been used in prayers. Nowadays, it has taken on several more general meanings: "I hope to God..." "I hope..." or "If only..." Ojalá can introduce a subjunctive phrase with or without the relative pronoun que.

·         ¡Ojalá que recuerde nuestro aniversario! (I hope to God he remembers our anniversary.)

·         ¡Ojalá llueva! (I hope it rains!)

·         ¡Ojalá que venga el padre Noel. (I hope Santa Claus comes!)

 

 

WEIRDO

·    Wishes

·    Emotions

·    Impersonal Expressions

·    Recommendations

·    Doubt

·    Ojala



Pronombres and Mandatos Test
Due Date: 12/7/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

 

Study the pronoun box with ALL pronouns.Study ALL commands.

REMEMBER:

W
A
L
T
Se

 

REMEMBER: Indirect, Direct, Verb

The following eight verbs have irregular familiar commands in the affirmative:

decir – di
salir – sal
hacer – haz
ser – sé
ir – ve
tener – ten
poner – pon
venir – ven

Verbo                  afirmativo                            negativo      

1.      decir                di                                             no digas

2.      tener               ten                                           no tengas

3.      venir                ven                                          no vengas

4.      poner               pon                                           no pongas         

5.      salir                 sal                                            no salgas

6.      hacer               haz                                           no hagas

7.      ser                   sé                                             no seas           

8.      ir                      ve                                            no vayas

9.      irse                  vete                                         no te vayas

10.  dar                   de                                            no des

11.   estar                esté                                         no estés

 

 

 

 



Food Project
Due Date: 11/10/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

Students will celebrate the culture of Latin America through food and a study of traaditions.

Requirements:

Food must be an authentic Latin American dish.

Student will share the recipe and preparations of the dish (in Spanish) with the class.

Each student should prepare enough for the entire class to TASTE the dish (i.e.  mini portions, sppon-size portions, etc)

ALL students must participate by bringing food if they want to participate by eating food.

NO CHIPS AND SALSA unless the salsa is homemade. 

Paper plates will be supplied.  If you need bowls, forks, etc, bring them with your project.



Spanish IV Ensayo en el Futuro
Due Date: 11/2/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

Using the future tense and 'ir a + infinitive', write an essay coverng the next ten years in your future.  Intro paragraph (5 sentences), main paragraph (10-12 sentences); closing paragraph (3-5 sentences)

1st important point:

     ALL verbs keep their endings (-ar, -er, -ir)

2nd important point:

    ALL verbs use these endings:

-é       -emos

-ás     -éis

-á      -án

 

irregular future verbs:

A. chage e/i to d:

tener-tendr

venir-vendr

poner-pondr

salir-saldr

 

B. drop e ( in -er ending)

poder-podr

querer-querr

saber-sabr

haber-habr

caber-cabr

 

C. change word

decir-dir

hacer-har



Spanish IV Future Verbs Info
Due Date: 10/14/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

1.   DO NOT DROP the -ar -er -ir ending

2.  USE THE SAME ENDINGS for all verbs

FUTURE ENDINGS

yo   é                         nosotros    emos

tú   ás                        vosotros     éis

él    á                        ellos           án



Spanish III Preterit and Future Verb Test
Due Date: 10/13/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

Study preterit verbs regular and irregular

Study future verbs regular and irregular



Irrregular Preterit Verbs study guide
Due Date: 10/12/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

The Preterite Tense - verbs that have a spelling change in the stem.

 

These verbs use the same endings in the preterite tense that other -AR, -ER, -IR verbs use.

-AR  endings in the preterite                                                        

é

amos

aste

asteis

ó

aron

 

 

-AR verbs with spelling changes in the stem.

 

 

-CAR, -GAR, -ZAR. These verbs have changes in the "yo" form only. The rest of the conjugation is regular.

 

-CAR - The "yo" form uses "qué"

Sacar

saqué

sacamos

sacaste

sacasteis

sacó

sacaron

Other -car verbs

sacar

tocar

explicar

buscar

indicar

practicar

 

 

-GAR - The "yo" form uses "gué"

Llegar

llegué

llegamos

llegaste

llegasteis

llegó

llegaron

Other -gar verbs

pagar

pegar

jugar  

apagar

 

 

-ZAR - The "yo" form uses "cé"

Cruzar

crucé

cruzamos

cruzaste

cruzasteis

cruzó

cruzaron

Other -car verbs

almorzar

lanzar

 

 

 -IR with spelling changes in the stem

 -IR endings in the preterite

í

imos

iste

isteis

ieron

*-IR verbs - that are stem changing in the present tense (E-I, E-IE, O-UE) have a change (E-I or O-U) but only in the él-ella-Ud. form.

Servir  -  E-I

serví

servimos

serviste

servisteis

SIRVIÓ

SIRVIERON

Similar verbs with E-I

pedir

divertirse

repetir

preferir

Dormir  -  O-U

dormí

dormimos

dormiste

dormisteis

DURMIÓ

DURMIERON

Similar O-U verbs:

Morir

 

 

Verbs with a vowel preceding the stem. These verbs change the - to - in the él-ella-Ud. form and -ieron to -yeron in the ellos-ellas-Uds. form.  They also include accents on the í in the tú, nosotros and vostros forms.

Leer

leí

leímos

leíste

leísteis

leyó

leyeron

Other verbs that are similar:

oír

caer

creer

poseer

*Exceptions: Verbs that end in -UIR. These verbs keep the  and the yeron but do not add the accents on the "i" in the tú, nosotros and vosotros forms.

Construir

construí

construimos

construiste

construisteis

construyó

construyeron

Similar verbs:

concluir

huir

incluir

contribuir

 

 

*Attention* The following verbs do not take accents in the preterite.

 ADD ANDAR- anduv____

venir - vin

All of these verbs take the following endings:

E                   IMOS

ISTE            ISTEIS

O                  IERON

 

*Exceptions: Hacer - El-ella-Ud. HIZO

Decir - Ellos-ellas-Uds. DIJERON

Traer - TRAJERON

Conducir - CONDUJERON, etc...

hacer - hic*

poner - pus

saber - sup

andar-anduv

estar - estuv

tener - tuv

poder - pud

traer - traj *

decir - dij*

producir - produj *

conducir - conduj *

traducir - traduj *

 

 

Dar, Ver, Ser-Ir.- These verbs also take no accents.

Dar                                                                       Ver

di

dimos

vi

vimos

diste

disteis

viste

visteis

dio

dieron

vio

vieron

Ser-IrThese verbs are conjugated the same in the preterite.

fui

fuimos

fuiste

fuisteis

fue

fueron

 



Spanish IV Voacab for Don Juan de Tenorio
Due Date: 9/14/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

Vocab: Don Juan

1.     la aceituna

2.     el ambiente

3.     el antifaz

4.     la apuesta

5.     el barrio

6.     el brillo

7.     el cielo

8.     el clave

9.     los clientes

10.                        el criado

11.                        el cuidado

12.                        las demás

13.                        el día de los Santos

14.                        don

15.                        doña

16.                        el dueño

17.                        entre

18.                        frente

19.                        final feliz

20.                        la hostería

21.                        la llave

22.                        la leyenda

23.                        los leyes

24.                        la mayoría

25.                        el mito

26.                        el obra

27.                        el personaje

28.                        el ruido

29.                        los villanos

30.                        dedicado

31.                        enfada

32.                        enteramente

33.                        lírico

34.                        llena

35.                        más tarde

36.                        temprano

37.                        sencillo

38.                        seros

39.                        respirar

40.                        olvidar

41.                        recoger

42.                        caer

43.                        reír

44.                        charlar

45.                        llevar puesto

46.                        encender (ie)

47.                        tardar

48.                        tener ganar

49.                        acordarse(ue)

50.                        verse

 



Vocab Quiz p120
Due Date: 2/3/2017
Subject: Spanish IV


Vocabulary Quiz p109
Due Date: 1/20/2017
Subject: Spanish IV


Spanish IV Vocab Quiz Viajar 2
Due Date: 2/17/2016
Subject: Spanish IV

Voc Quiz on long list of Viajar 2



Vocab Spanish 4 Unidad 3
Due Date: 2/17/2016
Subject: Spanish IV

Listening Vocabulary for CDA1

Nouns

Adjectives and other Expressions

Verbs

· acento- accent

· albergue- shelter

· año- year

· arquitectura- architecture

· asiento- seat

· catedral- cathedral

· cosa- thing

· cuarto- room

· día- day

· diálogo- dialog

· estación- station

· habitación- room

· La Giralda- former Mosque tower in Spain

· modo- mode

· oportunidad- opportunity

· parte- part

· plan- plan

· primavera- spring

· principio- beginning

· problema- problem

· relación- relationship

· reservación- reservation

· sur- south

· transportación- transportation

· tren- train

· universidad- university, college

· vacaciones- vacation

· vez- time (one time)

· veces- times (two times)

· viaje- trip

 

· árabe- Arabian, Arabic

· cómodo(a)- comfortable

· juvenil- youth

· libre- free, open

· ¡Buena onda!- Awesome!

· ¡Qué genial!- How great!

· ¿Cómo cuáles?- Like which ones?

· ¿De verdad?- Really?

· actualmente- currently

· ahora- now

· antes- before

· bien- fine, well

· cerca- close, near

· con permiso- excuse me

· de acuerdo- in agreement

· de hecho- in fact

· eso(a,os,as)- those

· éste(a,os,as)- this/these

· hasta- until

· mi(s)- my

· mío(a,os,as)- mine

· ningún(a,os,as)- any, not one

· para ti- for you

· primer(a, os, as)- first

· Pues- well (thinking)

· quizas- maybe

· también- also, too

· tan lejos- so far away

· tercer(a, os, as)- third

· todo el año- all year

· todo(a,os,as)- all

· confirmar- to confirm

· conocer- to know (people, places)

· contar- to count, to tell

· estar- to be

· estudiar- to study

· explorar- to explore

· haber- to have (helping verb)

· hacer- to do, to make

· ir- to go

· llegar- to arrive

· pasar- to pass

· permitir- to allow, permit

· quedarse- to stay

· querer- to want

· reconocer- to recognize

· saber- to know (facts, information)

· seguir- to follow

· ser- to be

· tener ganas de- to feel like doing something

· tener- to have

· tener- to have (possession, description, obligation, urges, idioms)

· tomar- to take

· usar- to use

· venir- to come

· ver- to see

· viajar- to travel

· visitar- to visit



Vocab de viajar (revisar del aeropuerto) Spanish 4
Due Date: 1/14/2016
Subject: Spanish IV

AIRPORT

la aduana                                               customs office

el ala                                                    wing

el, la auxiliar de vuleo                               flight attendant

la banda                                                conveyor belt

el boleto                                                ticket

el carrito de equipaje                                baggage cart

la cola                                                  tail

el compartimiento de equipaje                   luggage compartment

el detector de metales                             metal detector

el equipaje                                           baggage

el guardia de seguridad                           security guard

la maleta                                            suitcase

el maletín                                           carry-on bag

el maletero                                         porter

la mesita                                            tray table

el pase de abordar                                boarding pass

el pasaporte                                        passport

el pasillo                                            aisle

el reclamo de equipaje                          baggage claim area

la pista                                             runway

la sección de no fumar                         non-smoking section

el seleccionador de rayos                      x-ray machine

el talón                                            baggage claim ticket

la terminal                                        terminal building

el vuelo                                           flight

Useful Phrases

¿Qué terminal necesita Ud.?               What terminal do you need?

Busco la terminal norte.                    I'm looking for the north terminal.

¿Para dónde sale Ud.?                      Where are you headed?

Voy a México.                                I'm going to Mexico.

La terminal norte es para los vuelos internacionales.

                                                 The north terminal is for international flights.

¿Dónde puedo reclamar mi equipaje? Where can I claim my luggage?

¿Dónde está la aduana?                   Where is customs?

Por favor, ¿me puede ayudar con las maletas?

                                                 Could you please help me with my bags?

¿Me permite ver su talón?                Could I see your baggage claim ticket?

¿Cuántas maletas tiene?                  How many bags do you have?

 



Vocab de Viajar Spanish IV
Due Date: 1/14/2016
Subject: Spanish IV

EL VOCABULARIO DE ‘VIAJAR’                          

aduana custom

aeropuerto airport

agente agent

asiento seat

asistente de vuelo flight attendant

avión plane

báscula scale

billete/boleto ticket

control de pasaported passport inspection

control de seguridad security (security inspection)

copiloto copilot

destino destination

equipaj eluggage/baggage

fila row

línea aérea airline

llegada arrival

maletasuitcase

maleterotrunk (of a car)

mostradorcounter

pantallascreen

pasaportepassport

pase de abordarboarding pass

pilotopilot

puerta de salidadeparture gate

ropaclothes/clothing

salida departure

sección de no fumarno-smoking section

taxi taxi

tripulaciónflight crew

vuelo flight

abordar to board/to get on

aterrizarto land

desembarcarto disembark/to get off

despegarto take off

facturarto check (luggage)

inspeccionarto inspect

reclamarto claim (luggage)

recogerto collect/claim (luggage)

revisarto inspect

salidoexit

salirto leave

subirto go up/to get on

traer to bring

a bordoon board

a tiempo on time

en avión by plane

en este momento/ahorita right now

hacer la maleta to pack one's suitcase/luggage

hacer un viajeto take a trip

tarde late

 

 



Spn IV CDA #2
Due Date: 11/13/2015
Subject: Spanish IV


Spn IV Presentacion de CDA #1
Due Date: 10/31/2015
Subject: Spanish IV


El Vocabulario de Don Juan Parte 2
Due Date: 10/14/2015
Subject: Spanish IV

El Vocabulario de Don Juan (parte 2)                                                                              Español IV

1.      además

2.      alrededor

3.      apuesta

4.      antipático

5.      asuntos

6.      campanada

7.      despacio

8.      detrás

9.      de repente

10.  embozado

11.  Emperador

12.  encender

13.  esconder

14.  extraño

15.  Guadalquivir

16.  he vuelto

17.  increíble

18.  ladrones

19.  me interesa

20.  me parece

21.  mientras

22.  mojarse

23.  muebles

24.  muerto

25.  noticias

26.  no me importa

27.  pasearse

28.  por lo menos

29.  quiso

30.  reconocer

31.  reír

32.  rincón

33.  saludar

34.  tapada

35.  tierra

36.  Túnez

37.  vacío

38.  valiente



Spn IV Escuchar de CDA #1
Due Date: 9/30/2015
Subject: Spanish IV