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Summer Assignment 2018
Due Date: 8/8/2018
Subject: AP Spanish Language

AP Spanish Language and Culture 2018-2019 (10 hours required)

June , Wed 4-5pm Meet in the Legacy Room at Bright Star United Methodist Church (3715 Bright Star Road, in the gym)to discuss options for summer assignments: all students are encouraged to attend.  Students must choose one of the following options for summer work:

Option A: keep a daily journal through the summer. Incluye tu nombre, el día, la fecha y las actividades de cada día (6-8 frases por día)

Option B: Make a Prezi to present to class the first week of school. Choose an artist or writer (incluye las fechas, la familia, los eventos de la vida, los mentores, las influencias, el tipo de talento, etc.)

Option C: Choose a historical figure for a 'dramatic' introduction to the class the first week of school; present to class in costume, character, of time era.  Include all of the above info (Option B)

Option D: Attend at least five (5) meetings during the summer at the Legacy Room, where we will speak SPANISH ONLY at every meeting: las peliculas en español, los juguetes y juegos en español, los planes en español, etc. Each student will lead the discussion once during the summer. The student will bring a news item, current event, or fun topic for the group to discuss. Bringing a friend is encouraged. PLUS five (5) journal entries (en español) a brief summary of the meetings attended.

 

Horario de las reunions:

1st meeting: 30 de mayo

2nd meeting 13 de junio

3rd meeting 20 de junio

4th meeting 27 de junio

5th meeting 5 de julio

6th meeting 18 de julio

7th meeting 25 de julio

8th meeting 1 de agosto



Irregular Preterit Verbs
Due Date: 5/1/2018
Subject: Spanish III

               verbo(s)                                                                   familia

1/2 ________/___________

3/4 ________/___________

5. _____________________

6. _____________________                                               + uv

7. ______________________

8. ______________________

9. _____________________                                               + i, is

10. ____________________

11. ____________________

12. ____________________                                          + ud, us, up

13. ____________________

14. ____________________

15. _____________________                                                 + ij, i

16. _____________________



Verb Review
Due Date: 5/1/2018
Subject: Spanish III

Verb Study Guide

presente:

(a) verbos -go

(b) verbos de cambios (la bota)

(c) verbos ortográficos (spelling changes)

(d) reflexivos

(e) mandatos

present tense

     -ar endings

     -er endings

     -ir endings

-go verbs

1. tener-tengo

2. venir-vengo

3-9...

reflexive verbs

levantarse

   (take that 'se' move it to the front)

   use correct reflexive pronoun:

me      nos

te        os

se      se

 

conjugate the verb:

me levanto

te levantas...

boot verbs:

e-->ie (empezar)

e-->i (pedir)

o-->ue (dormir)

(u-->ue (jugar)

 

___    X

___    X

___ ____

 

empiezo      empezamos

empiezas    empezáis

empieza   empiezan

 

 

 

spelling changes (orthographic)

yo form only:

concocer = conozco

ofrecer = ofrezco

 

Present Progressive use present of estar   el participio presente

estoy      estamos                                               drop -ar + ando

estás      estáis                                                   drop -er, -ir + iendo

está      están

 

I am                we are                                           bailar-bailando (dancing)

you are          y'all are                                         comer-comiendo (eating)

he, she, it is  they, y'all are                                 vivir-viviendo (living)        

 

Past Progressive use imperfect of estar                    

estaba (was)              estábamos (were)                         el participio presente

estabas (were)          estabais (were)                                 drop -ar + ando                                                                 estaba (was/were)    estaban (were)                               drop -er, -ir + iendo  

 

 

 

 

mandatos:

tú affirmative:

start with tú, drop the 's'

 

tú negative, and all other commands:

start with 'yo', drop the 'o', add the opposite ending

 

irregulare affirmative:

1. tener-ten

2. venir-ven

3. poner-pon

4. salir-sal

5.decir-di

6. hacer-haz

7. ser-sé

8. ir-ve

9. estar-esté

 

-go verbs in negative:

1. tener- no tengas

2. venir- no vengas

3. poner- no pongas

4. salir- no salgas

5. decir- no digas

6. hacer- no hagas

7. oir- no oigas

8. caer- no caigas

9. traer- no traigas

 

-car, -gar, -zar (negarive)

-car=no___ques

     no toques

-gar=no___gues

   no llegues

-zar=no___ces

   no cruces

 

 

irregular negative:

1. dar = no dés

2. estar = no estés

3. ir = no vayas

4. ser = no seas

 

 

Pretérito: regular pretérito endings

    -ar                              -er, -ir

-é          -amos                -í        -imos

-aste    -asteis              -iste    -isteis

-ó          -aron                  -ió      -ieron

 

 

 

Regular imperfect endings

     -ar                                  -er, -ir

-aba     -abamos               -ía       -íamos

-abas -abais                  -ías      -íais

-aba   -aban                   -ía       -ían

 

 

 

 

 

irregular imperfecto verbs

ser                                                                      ir                                                               ver                                            

era        éramos                                      iba        íbamos                                     veía     veíamos

eras      erais                                          ibas     ibais                                         veías     veíais

era        eran                                           iba        iban                                           veía      veían

 

 

 

irregular pretérito verbs

1-2 ser, ir :

exactly the same

3-4 dar, ver :

same, not 1st letter

5-6-7 (-uv)

estar-andar-tener

8-9-10 (-i,-is)

hacer, venir, querer

11-12-13 (-ud, -us, -up)

poder, poner, saber

14-15-16 (ij, j)

decir, producir, traer

 

-car -gar –zar YO form ONLY

-qu -gu -c

(before 'e')

 

-ir only rule

1. verb MUST be -ir

2. verb MUST have a BOOT change (present tense)

e-->i OR o-->u in the SANDAL

 

Gold's Gym rule (like -ir only rule) verb will have a DOUBLE VOWEL:

leer, oir, creer

-i-->y in SANDAL:

leí                     leímos

leiste                 leísteis

leyó                  leyeron

and in present participle:

leiendo=leyendo

 

 

Present Perfect use present of haber                          

(helping verb-to have)                                             el participio pasado

he        hemos                                                        drop -ar + ado

has      habéis                                                      drop -er, -ir + ido

ha        han

I have_______            we have_____

you have______          y'all have________

he, she, it has______ they, y'all have_______

 

Past Perfect (pluperfecto)   use imperfect of haber

había (had)       habíamos

habías              habíais

había                habían

 

I had ______                   we had_____

you had_______            y'all had_____

he, she, it had______   they, y'all had____

 

el future (will)

1. do NOT drop -ar, -er, -ir

2. use the SAME future endings

 

   -ar, -er, -ir

é          emos

ás         éis

á          án

hablar

hablaré      hablaremos

hablarás    hablaréis

hablará      hablarán

comer

comeré comeremos

comerás comeréis

comerá comerán

vivir

viviré viviremos

vivirás viviréis

vivirá vivirán

 

el condicional (would, could, should)

1. do NOT drop -ar, -er, -ir

2. use the SAME condicional endings

-ar, -er, -ir

ía íamos

ías íais

ía ían

(notice: imperfect -er, -ir endings)

hablar

hablaría hablaríamos

hablarías hablaríais

hablaría hablarían

comer

comería comeríamos

comerías comeríais

comería comerían

vivir

viviría viviríamos

vivirías viviríais

viviría vivirían

irregular futuro y condicional (11)

A. change 'e' to 'd'

1. tener

2. venir

3. poner

4. salir

tener

tendré tendremos

tendrás tendréis

tendrá tendrán

B. drop 'e'

1. poder

2. saber

3. haber

4. caber (to fit)

5. querer

 

poder

podré podremos

podrás podréis

podrá podrán

 

C. change word

1. decir

2. hacer

diré

hare

 

Students must know th



Mandatos Test
Due Date: 4/30/2018
Subject: Spanish III

Practice all tu commands, affirmative and negative.\; regular and irregular.

The following eight verbs have irregular familiar commands in the affirmative:

decir – di
salir – sal
hacer – haz
ser – sé
ir – ve
tener – ten
poner – pon
venir – ven

 

 

Verbo                  afirmativo                            negativo      

 

1.      decir                di                                             no digas

 

2.      tener               ten                                           no tengas

 

3.      venir                ven                                          no vengas

 

4.      poner               pon                                           no pongas         

 

5.      salir                 sal                                            no salgas

 

6.      hacer               haz                                           no hagas

 

7.      ser                   sé                                             no seas           

 

8.      ir                      ve                                            no vayas

 

9.      irse                  vete                                         no te vayas

 

10.  dar                   de                                            no des

 

11.   estar                esté                                         no estés

 



Proyecto EspIII
Due Date: 4/9/2018
Subject: Spanish III

Choose a Spanish conquitador (conqueror) to learn about.  You will create a children's book about this conquistador.

El Proyecto de Español III                       Cuénteme                 Due el 9/10 de abril, 2018

Name of Conquistador _________________________________________________

Name of Student _____________________________________________________

Project:

Each student will make an illustrated children’s book about chosen conquistador.

Each student will write a story in which all verb tenses are used, if possible.

Book must be typed. The book must have a minimum of 10 pages with a minimum of twenty words (20) per page..

The story will be appropriate to read to elementary aged children.

The book will be illustrated. This does not mean ONLY drawings. Photos, magazines pics, pictures from websites, etc may be neatly used for illustrations. Each book must have at least eight (8) illustrations.

The book must have an illustrated cover, a title page, a dedication page, a facts/site page and a conquistador as the main character.

The book must follow the lifeline and timeline of the conquistador.

The book must be written in Spanish without the use of a translator, electronic or otherwise.

The story must include the following:                                                        Possible points

·         A plot (beginning, problem, solution, end) and setting                                      15

·         Character development (2-5 characters)                                                             5

·         Dialogue/ Narration                                                                                             30

·         Eight or more illustrations                                                                                   20

·         Creativity                                                                                                             15

·         Illustrated cover                                                                                                     5

·         Facts page at the end of the book                                                                      10                                                                                                                                      

The grade will be as follows:

All of the above requirements are fully met and the book is turned in on time.         90-100

Each day late will be -10 points.

Lacking any of the above information will lead to the loss of points.

No books will be accepted after April 14, 2018.

*This form must accompany the book when it is turned in.



Subjunctive Mood of Verbs
Due Date: 12/15/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

Subjunctive Mood:

How to form, When to use

 

WEIRDO Subjunctivo

·Wishes

·Emotions

·Impersonal Expressions

·Recommendations

·Doubt

·Ojalá  

 

 Use opposite endings:

-ar

e        emos

es      eis

e        en

 

-er, -ir

a           amos

as         ais

a          an

 

 

WEIRDO     Wishes

Wishing, wanting, demanding, desiring, expecting, ordering, and preferring all fall into this category. Also mentioning the nonexistence or indefiniteness of something that is desired falls into this category. Because the noun clause or dependent clause represents what we want from someone else, the actions are possible but may never occur, thus they are in the subjunctive mood and not the indicative.

·         Espero que él me compre unas flores. (I hope that he buys me flowers.)

·         Esperamos que cocines bien. (We hope that you cook well.)

·         No hay nadie que quiera sacar la basura. (There is no one that wants to take out the trash.)

·         No tengo un hombre que me compre flores. (I don’t have a man to buy me flowers.)

The following verbs are commonly used to express a wish or a want and, when used as the verb in the main clause of a sentence, will indicate that the following verb in the dependent clause will be in the subjunctive. (When no subject change occurs, the verb that follows is generally placed in the infinitive.)

agradecer

to be   grateful

insistir

to insist

no tener

not to   have

buscar

to look   for

mandar

to order

pedir

to request

desear

to wish

necesitar

to need

preferir

to prefer

esperar

to hope/to   expect

no   encontrar

not to   find

querer

to want

exigir

to demand

no haber

there   is/are not

   

 

 

 

 

WEIRDO          Emotions

Being annoyed, angry, happy, regretful, sad, scared, or surprised all fall into this category. Any personal reaction to a situation is emotional. The focus is not on a factual observation of a situation but how it makes the subject feel. Since how a person feels is always subjective, you use the subjunctive.

·         Me alegro de que sonrías. (It makes me happy that you smile.)

·         ¿Les molesta que él escuche la música fuerte? (Does it bother you that he listens to loud music?)

·         Siento mucho que no puedan venir a la fiesta. (I’m sorry that they can’t come to the party.)

Useful Verbs of Emotion

alegrarse   de *

to be glad

gustar

to like

quejarse

to complain

encantar

to be   delighted

lamentar

to regret

sentir

to feel

enojar

to be   angry

maravillar

to   astonish

sorprender

to   surprise

estar contento, enojado, triste,   etc.

to be   glad, angry, sad, etc.

molestar

to annoy

temer

to fear

tener miedo de/a que

to be   afraid that

extrañarse   que to be odd, strange that

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIRDO      Impersonal Expressions

Impersonal expressions work a lot like emotions in that they are someone’s opinion or value judgement. They focus on the subjectivity of the statement and not on the actual truth or reality of the situation.

Almost any phrase with the es + adjective + que can be an impersonal expression as long as it doesn’t state any truth (es verdad que), certainty (es cierto que), or fact (es hecho que). These are indicative. But their opposites (no es verdad que, etc.) aresubjunctive.

·         Es necesario que Jaime lea este libro. (It is necessary that Jaime reads this book.)

·         Es extraño que reciba un regalo porque no es mi cumpleaños. (It’s odd that I receive a gift because it isn’t my birthday.)

·         No es cierto que mi hermano venga. (It is not certain that my brother is coming.)

·         Es probable que vayamos a la playa. (It is probable that we are going to the beach.)

Useful Impersonal Expressions (not a complete list!)

es   agradable

it is nice

es   estupendo

it is   great

es   necesario

it is   necessary

es urgente

it is   urgent

es bueno

it is good

es extraño

it is   strange

es   probable

it is   probable

es   vergonzoso

it is a   disgrace

es curioso

it is   curious

es   importante

it is   important

es raro

it is rare

no es   cierto

it is not   certain

es dudoso

it is   doubtful

es   increíble

it is   incredible

es   recomendable

it is   recommended

no es   hecho

it is not   a fact

es   esencial

it is   essential

es malo

it is bad

es una   lástima

it is a   pity

no es   verdad

it is not   true

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIRDO      Recommendations

When a person recommends, suggests, wants, or asks another person to do (or not do) something, the subjunctive is used since whether the person will do what is recommended is uncertain and possibly may not happen. In this case, the que separates the recommender from the recommendation.

·         Mi doctor recomienda que beba más agua. (My doctor recommends for me to drink more water.)

·         Suplico que mi hija tenga más cuidado. (I beg my daughter to be more careful.)

·         Sugieren que leas este libro(They suggest for you to read this book.)

·         Dicen que veamos esa película. (They say for us to watch that movie.)

Useful Verbs of Recommendation

aconsejar

to advise

proponer

to suggest

sugerir

to suggest

decir

to say

recomendar

to   recommend

suplicar

to beg

ordenar

to order

rogar

to beg

dejar

to let,   allow

exigir

to demand

hacer

to make/to   force

insistir

to insist

mandar

to order

prohibir

to forbid

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIRDO      Doubt

Doubt indicates that a person thinks something is unreal, or hypothetical. To doubt or deny something is to question its connection with reality, making it uncertain.

·         Dudo que él tenga mi número de teléfono. (I doubt that he has my phone number.)

·         No creen que los extraterrestres existan. (They don’t believe that aliens exist.)

·         Niegas que la camisa sea mía. (You deny that the shirt is mine.)

·         No estoy seguro que mi madre venga. (I am not sure that my mother is coming.)

 

Useful Verbs of Doubt

dudar

to doubt

no creer

not to   believe

no pensar

not to   think

negar

to deny

no estar   seguro

not to be   sure

no suponer

not to   assume

no   comprender

not to   understand

no parecer

not to   seem

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indicative or Subjunctive?

Comprender (to understand), creer (to believe), estar seguro (to be sure), parecer (to seem), pensar (to think), and suponer (to assume) are all indicative as they indicate what the subject knows, believes, thinks to be true and a part of reality.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIRDO       Ojalá

Ojalá is a Spanish word with Arabic origins. Originally, it meant “Oh, Allah!" and may have been used in prayers. Nowadays, it has taken on several more general meanings: "I hope to God..." "I hope..." or "If only..." Ojalá can introduce a subjunctive phrase with or without the relative pronoun que.

·         ¡Ojalá que recuerde nuestro aniversario! (I hope to God he remembers our anniversary.)

·         ¡Ojalá llueva! (I hope it rains!)

·         ¡Ojalá que venga el padre Noel. (I hope Santa Claus comes!)

 

 

WEIRDO

·    Wishes

·    Emotions

·    Impersonal Expressions

·    Recommendations

·    Doubt

·    Ojala



Pronombres and Mandatos Test
Due Date: 12/7/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

 

Study the pronoun box with ALL pronouns.Study ALL commands.

REMEMBER:

W
A
L
T
Se

 

REMEMBER: Indirect, Direct, Verb

The following eight verbs have irregular familiar commands in the affirmative:

decir – di
salir – sal
hacer – haz
ser – sé
ir – ve
tener – ten
poner – pon
venir – ven

Verbo                  afirmativo                            negativo      

1.      decir                di                                             no digas

2.      tener               ten                                           no tengas

3.      venir                ven                                          no vengas

4.      poner               pon                                           no pongas         

5.      salir                 sal                                            no salgas

6.      hacer               haz                                           no hagas

7.      ser                   sé                                             no seas           

8.      ir                      ve                                            no vayas

9.      irse                  vete                                         no te vayas

10.  dar                   de                                            no des

11.   estar                esté                                         no estés

 

 

 

 



AP Spanish Food Project
Due Date: 11/10/2017
Subject: AP Spanish Language

Students will celebrate the culture of Latin America through food and a study of traaditions.

Requirements:

Food must be an authentic Latin American dish.

Student will share the recipe and preparations of the dish (in Spanish) with the class.

Each student should prepare enough for the entire class to TASTE the dish (i.e.  mini portions, sppon-size portions, etc)

ALL students must participate by bringing food if they want to participate by eating food.

NO CHIPS AND SALSA unless the salsa is homemade. 

Paper plates will be supplied.  If you need bowls, forks, etc, bring them with your project.



Food Project
Due Date: 11/10/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

Students will celebrate the culture of Latin America through food and a study of traaditions.

Requirements:

Food must be an authentic Latin American dish.

Student will share the recipe and preparations of the dish (in Spanish) with the class.

Each student should prepare enough for the entire class to TASTE the dish (i.e.  mini portions, sppon-size portions, etc)

ALL students must participate by bringing food if they want to participate by eating food.

NO CHIPS AND SALSA unless the salsa is homemade. 

Paper plates will be supplied.  If you need bowls, forks, etc, bring them with your project.



Spanish III Food Project
Due Date: 11/10/2017
Subject: Spanish III

Students will celebrate the culture of Latin America through food and a study of traaditions.

Requirements:

Food must be an authentic Latin American dish.

Student will share the recipe and preparations of the dish (in Spanish) with the class.

Each student should prepare enough for the entire class to TASTE the dish (i.e.  mini portions, sppon-size portions, etc)

ALL students must participate by bringing food if they want to participate by eating food.

NO CHIPS AND SALSA unless the salsa is homemade. 

Paper plates will be supplied.  If you need bowls, forks, etc, bring them with your project.



Spanish IV Ensayo en el Futuro
Due Date: 11/2/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

Using the future tense and 'ir a + infinitive', write an essay coverng the next ten years in your future.  Intro paragraph (5 sentences), main paragraph (10-12 sentences); closing paragraph (3-5 sentences)

1st important point:

     ALL verbs keep their endings (-ar, -er, -ir)

2nd important point:

    ALL verbs use these endings:

-é       -emos

-ás     -éis

-á      -án

 

irregular future verbs:

A. chage e/i to d:

tener-tendr

venir-vendr

poner-pondr

salir-saldr

 

B. drop e ( in -er ending)

poder-podr

querer-querr

saber-sabr

haber-habr

caber-cabr

 

C. change word

decir-dir

hacer-har



Las Americas
Due Date: 10/21/2017
Subject: Spanish III

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mAoj0IuVoes

Rock the Countries



Spn 3 Imperfect/Preterit Verb Time Expressions
Due Date: 10/20/2017
Subject: Spanish III

In Spanish, the following expressions are typically used in the imperfect tense to express an incomplete past.

Spanish

English

Antes

Before

Érase una vez

Once upon a time (used only in stories)

Generalmente

Generally

Frecuentemente

Frequently

A menudo

Often

Constantemente

Constantly

Siempre

always

Cada día

Each day

Cada mes

Each month

Cada año

Each year

Raras veces

Rarely

Por lo general

In general

Todos los años

Every year

Todos los meses

Every month

Todos los días

Every day

De vez en cuando

Occasionally

Normalmente

Normally

Usualmente

Usually

Mientras

While

 

In Spanish there are various phrases signifying something that happened in the preterit such as that which happened last night, last week, last year, etc. The terms "always" and "never" apply to the present and the past tense because something can "always" or "never" happen in the past. (i.e. John always lied. Joan never lied.)

Vocabulary - Spanish

Vocabulary - English

Ayer

Yesterday

Anteayer/antier

Day before yesterday

Anoche

Last night

Antenoche

The night before last

La semana pasada

Last week

El año pasado

Last year

El verano pasado

Last summer

Hace + tiempo + pretérito

Ago

En la mañana

In the morning

Por la mañana

In the morning

El otro día

The other day

El fin de semana pasado

Last weekend

Siempre

Always

Nunca

Never

 

 



Spanish IV Future Verbs Info
Due Date: 10/14/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

1.   DO NOT DROP the -ar -er -ir ending

2.  USE THE SAME ENDINGS for all verbs

FUTURE ENDINGS

yo   é                         nosotros    emos

tú   ás                        vosotros     éis

él    á                        ellos           án



Spanish III Preterit and Future Verb Test
Due Date: 10/13/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

Study preterit verbs regular and irregular

Study future verbs regular and irregular



Spn 3 & 4 Irregular Preterit Verbs Quiz Review
Due Date: 10/13/2017
Subject: Spanish III

The Preterite Tense - verbs that have a spelling change in the stem.

 

These verbs use the same endings in the preterite tense that other -AR, -ER, -IR verbs use.

-AR  endings in the preterite                                                        

é

amos

aste

asteis

ó

aron

 

 

-AR verbs with spelling changes in the stem.

 

 

-CAR, -GAR, -ZAR. These verbs have changes in the "yo" form only. The rest of the conjugation is regular.

 

-CAR - The "yo" form uses "qué"

Sacar

saqué

sacamos

sacaste

sacasteis

sacó

sacaron

Other -car verbs

sacar

tocar

explicar

buscar

indicar

practicar

 

 

-GAR - The "yo" form uses "gué"

Llegar

llegué

llegamos

llegaste

llegasteis

llegó

llegaron

Other -gar verbs

pagar

pegar

jugar  

apagar

 

 

-ZAR - The "yo" form uses "cé"

Cruzar

crucé

cruzamos

cruzaste

cruzasteis

cruzó

cruzaron

Other -car verbs

almorzar

lanzar

 

 

 -IR with spelling changes in the stem

 -IR endings in the preterite

í

imos

iste

isteis

ieron

*-IR verbs - that are stem changing in the present tense (E-I, E-IE, O-UE) have a change (E-I or O-U) but only in the él-ella-Ud. form.

Servir  -  E-I

serví

servimos

serviste

servisteis

SIRVIÓ

SIRVIERON

Similar verbs with E-I

pedir

divertirse

repetir

preferir

Dormir  -  O-U

dormí

dormimos

dormiste

dormisteis

DURMIÓ

DURMIERON

Similar O-U verbs:

Morir

 

 

Verbs with a vowel preceding the stem. These verbs change the - to - in the él-ella-Ud. form and -ieron to -yeron in the ellos-ellas-Uds. form.  They also include accents on the í in the tú, nosotros and vostros forms.

Leer

leí

leímos

leíste

leísteis

leyó

leyeron

Other verbs that are similar:

oír

caer

creer

poseer

*Exceptions: Verbs that end in -UIR. These verbs keep the  and the yeron but do not add the accents on the "i" in the tú, nosotros and vosotros forms.

Construir

construí

construimos

construiste

construisteis

construyó

construyeron

Similar verbs:

concluir

huir

incluir

contribuir

 

 

*Attention* The following verbs do not take accents in the preterite.

 ADD ANDAR- anduv___

venir - vin

All of these verbs take the following endings:

E                   IMOS

ISTE            ISTEIS

O                  IERON

 

*Exceptions: Hacer - El-ella-Ud. HIZO

Decir - Ellos-ellas-Uds. DIJERON

Traer - TRAJERON

Conducir - CONDUJERON, etc...

hacer - hic*

poner - pus

saber - sup

andar-anduv

estar - estuv

tener - tuv

poder - pud

traer - traj *

decir - dij*

producir - produj *

conducir - conduj *

traducir - traduj *

 

 

Dar, Ver, Ser-Ir.- These verbs also take no accents.

Dar                                                                       Ver

di

dimos

vi

vimos

diste

disteis

viste

visteis

dio

dieron

vio

vieron

Ser-IrThese verbs are conjugated the same in the preterite.

fui

fuimos

fuiste

fuisteis

fue

fueron

 



Irrregular Preterit Verbs study guide
Due Date: 10/12/2017
Subject: Spanish IV

The Preterite Tense - verbs that have a spelling change in the stem.

 

These verbs use the same endings in the preterite tense that other -AR, -ER, -IR verbs use.

-AR  endings in the preterite                                                        

é

amos

aste

asteis

ó

aron

 

 

-AR verbs with spelling changes in the stem.

 

 

-CAR, -GAR, -ZAR. These verbs have changes in the "yo" form only. The rest of the conjugation is regular.

 

-CAR - The "yo" form uses "qué"

Sacar

saqué

sacamos

sacaste

sacasteis

sacó

sacaron

Other -car verbs

sacar

tocar

explicar

buscar

indicar

practicar

 

 

-GAR - The "yo" form uses "gué"

Llegar

llegué

llegamos

llegaste

llegasteis

llegó

llegaron

Other -gar verbs

pagar

pegar

jugar  

apagar

 

 

-ZAR - The "yo" form uses "cé"

Cruzar

crucé

cruzamos

cruzaste

cruzasteis

cruzó

cruzaron

Other -car verbs

almorzar

lanzar

 

 

 -IR with spelling changes in the stem

 -IR endings in the preterite

í

imos

iste

isteis

ieron

*-IR verbs - that are stem changing in the present tense (E-I, E-IE, O-UE) have a change (E-I or O-U) but only in the él-ella-Ud. form.

Servir  -  E-I

serví

servimos

serviste

servisteis

SIRVIÓ

SIRVIERON

Similar verbs with E-I

pedir

divertirse

repetir

preferir

Dormir  -  O-U

dormí

dormimos

dormiste

dormisteis

DURMIÓ

DURMIERON

Similar O-U verbs:

Morir

 

 

Verbs with a vowel preceding the stem. These verbs change the - to - in the él-ella-Ud. form and -ieron to -yeron in the ellos-ellas-Uds. form.  They also include accents on the í in the tú, nosotros and vostros forms.

Leer

leí

leímos

leíste

leísteis

leyó

leyeron

Other verbs that are similar:

oír

caer

creer

poseer

*Exceptions: Verbs that end in -UIR. These verbs keep the  and the yeron but do not add the accents on the "i" in the tú, nosotros and vosotros forms.

Construir

construí

construimos

construiste

construisteis

construyó

construyeron

Similar verbs:

concluir

huir

incluir

contribuir

 

 

*Attention* The following verbs do not take accents in the preterite.

 ADD ANDAR- anduv____

venir - vin

All of these verbs take the following endings:

E                   IMOS

ISTE            ISTEIS

O                  IERON

 

*Exceptions: Hacer - El-ella-Ud. HIZO

Decir - Ellos-ellas-Uds. DIJERON

Traer - TRAJERON

Conducir - CONDUJERON, etc...

hacer - hic*

poner - pus

saber - sup

andar-anduv

estar - estuv

tener - tuv

poder - pud

traer - traj *

decir - dij*

producir - produj *

conducir - conduj *

traducir - traduj *

 

 

Dar, Ver, Ser-Ir.- These verbs also take no accents.

Dar                                                                       Ver

di

dimos

vi

vimos

diste

disteis

viste

visteis

dio

dieron

vio

vieron

Ser-IrThese verbs are conjugated the same in the preterite.

fui

fuimos

fuiste

fuisteis

fue

fueron

 



Irregular Preterit Verbs
Due Date: 10/12/2017
Subject: Spanish III

                                                              

*Attention* The following verbs do   not take accent marks in the preterit tense:

 

1/2   ser/ir     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*drop the 'i' in the 3rd person plural: ieron --> eron

3/4   dar/ver     

5.  andar-anduv

6.   estar -   estuv

7.   tener -   tuv

8.   hacer - hic

9.   venir - vin

10. querer-quis

11.  poder-pud

12.  poner-pus

13. saber-sup

14. decir - dij *

15. producir –   

      produj*

16.  traer-traj*


Irregular Preterit VerbsSpan 3 & 4
Due Date: 10/12/2017
Subject: Spanish III

1.   -car, -gar, -zar  rule:

       -car--> -qué

      -gar--> gué

      -zar --> cé 

 

 

-IR verbs only; if there is a BOOT change in the present tense,

then you will have a SANDAL CHANGE  in the preterit tense

 

Gold's Gym rule:

If an 'i' is between two strong vowels, change the 'i' to 'y' then add preterit ending .  This will occur only in the SANDAL.

 

 

 

                                                              

*Attention* The following verbs do   not take accents in the preterite.

 

 

 

     1/2   ser/ir

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Drop the ‘i’ in the ending

     3/4   dar/ver

     5.        andar-anduv  

     6.   estar - estuv

     7. tener - tuv

     8. hacer - hic

     9. venir - vin

     10.   querer-quis

     11. poder-pud

     12.   poner-pus

     13. saber - sup    

     14. decir - dij *

     15. producir – produj*

     16 traer-traj*

 

 

 



Present and Past Progressive
Due Date: 9/30/2017
Subject: Spanish III

http://www.learnalanguage.com/learn-spanish/spanish-verbs/past-progressive.php

How do I forrm present/past progressive?



Vocab Quiz: Spanish 3 hacer/tener
Due Date: 9/15/2016
Subject: Spanish III


CDA Spn III Unidad 3
Due Date: 3/5/2016
Subject: Spanish III

CDA using future verbs (regular and irregular) for writing section; and imperfect/preterit for the reading section.

50% for writing

50% for reading



Vocab Spanish 4 Unidad 3
Due Date: 2/17/2016
Subject: Spanish IV

Listening Vocabulary for CDA1

Nouns

Adjectives and other Expressions

Verbs

· acento- accent

· albergue- shelter

· año- year

· arquitectura- architecture

· asiento- seat

· catedral- cathedral

· cosa- thing

· cuarto- room

· día- day

· diálogo- dialog

· estación- station

· habitación- room

· La Giralda- former Mosque tower in Spain

· modo- mode

· oportunidad- opportunity

· parte- part

· plan- plan

· primavera- spring

· principio- beginning

· problema- problem

· relación- relationship

· reservación- reservation

· sur- south

· transportación- transportation

· tren- train

· universidad- university, college

· vacaciones- vacation

· vez- time (one time)

· veces- times (two times)

· viaje- trip

 

· árabe- Arabian, Arabic

· cómodo(a)- comfortable

· juvenil- youth

· libre- free, open

· ¡Buena onda!- Awesome!

· ¡Qué genial!- How great!

· ¿Cómo cuáles?- Like which ones?

· ¿De verdad?- Really?

· actualmente- currently

· ahora- now

· antes- before

· bien- fine, well

· cerca- close, near

· con permiso- excuse me

· de acuerdo- in agreement

· de hecho- in fact

· eso(a,os,as)- those

· éste(a,os,as)- this/these

· hasta- until

· mi(s)- my

· mío(a,os,as)- mine

· ningún(a,os,as)- any, not one

· para ti- for you

· primer(a, os, as)- first

· Pues- well (thinking)

· quizas- maybe

· también- also, too

· tan lejos- so far away

· tercer(a, os, as)- third

· todo el año- all year

· todo(a,os,as)- all

· confirmar- to confirm

· conocer- to know (people, places)

· contar- to count, to tell

· estar- to be

· estudiar- to study

· explorar- to explore

· haber- to have (helping verb)

· hacer- to do, to make

· ir- to go

· llegar- to arrive

· pasar- to pass

· permitir- to allow, permit

· quedarse- to stay

· querer- to want

· reconocer- to recognize

· saber- to know (facts, information)

· seguir- to follow

· ser- to be

· tener ganas de- to feel like doing something

· tener- to have

· tener- to have (possession, description, obligation, urges, idioms)

· tomar- to take

· usar- to use

· venir- to come

· ver- to see

· viajar- to travel

· visitar- to visit



Spanish IV Vocab Quiz Viajar 2
Due Date: 2/17/2016
Subject: Spanish IV

Voc Quiz on long list of Viajar 2



Spanish III Vocabulario de viajar 2
Due Date: 2/12/2016
Subject: Spanish III

El Vocabulario de viajar

1.      Excuse me…                                                 Perdóname

2.      Can you help me?                                          ¿Puede ayudarme? or Me puede ayudar?

3.      I’m lost.                                                         Estoy perdido(a)

4.      Where is the bus train station/bus station?    ¿Dónde está la estación de ferrocarril /autobuses

5.      Where is a restaurant?                                   ¿Dónde está un restaurante? 

6.      Where is a train?                                            ¿Dónde está un tren? 

7.      _________ street?                                         ¿La calle… ? 

8.      A bank?                                                         ¿Un banco? 

9.      Where is the bathroom?                                 ¿Dónde está el baño? 

10.  I want a hotel,                                              Yo quiero un hotel

11.  I want a hotel with a bathroom                     Yo quiero un hotel con baño

12.  I need _______                                             Yo necesito 

13.  I need a room/a room with a bathroom         Yo necesito un cuarto/un cuarto con baño 

14.  Where is the Exchange/ bank?                      ¿Dónde está una casa de cambio/banco?

15.  on the right                                                    a la derecha 

16.  on the left a                                                   la izquierda 

17.  straight ahead                                                            derecho 

18.  at the corner                                                   en la esquina

19.  in one (two, three, four blocks)                     a una cuadra (a dos, tres, cuatro cuadras)

20.  I want                                                            quiero

21.  I would like                                                   quisiera 

22.  a table                                                            una mesa

23.  a table for two, three, four                            una mesa para dos tres, cuatro 

24.  a menu                                                           un menú 

25.  with ketchup, mustard, tomato, lettuce         con salsa de tomate, mostaza, tomate, lechuga 

26.  an appetizer                                                   una entrada 

27.  dessert                                                           un postre 

28.  a drink                                                           una bebida 

29.  water                                                              agua

30.  beer                                                                la cerveza 

31.  wine                                                               el vino

32.  coffee                                                            un café 

33.  How much does that cost?                            ¿Cuánto cuesta?

34.  waiter/waitress                                               mesero/mesera 

35.  Calling to the waiter/waitress                        ¡Señor!/¡Señorita!

36.  the check                                                       La cuenta

37.  credit card                                                     una tarjeta de crédito

38.  Do you take a credit card?                            ¿Tarjeta de crédito? 

39.  It doesn’t work!                                            No funciona   

40.  dollars/cents                                                   dólares/centavos                                                       

41.  peso                                                               _______ US $



Spanish III Vocab Quiz Viajar 2
Due Date: 2/12/2016
Subject: Spanish III

Sudy vocab for Viajar 2 for Quiz Feb 12



Vocab Quiz: Sp 2 Reflexive Verbs
Due Date: 1/28/2016
Subject: Spanish II


Vocab de viajar (revisar del aeropuerto) Spanish 4
Due Date: 1/14/2016
Subject: Spanish IV

AIRPORT

la aduana                                               customs office

el ala                                                    wing

el, la auxiliar de vuleo                               flight attendant

la banda                                                conveyor belt

el boleto                                                ticket

el carrito de equipaje                                baggage cart

la cola                                                  tail

el compartimiento de equipaje                   luggage compartment

el detector de metales                             metal detector

el equipaje                                           baggage

el guardia de seguridad                           security guard

la maleta                                            suitcase

el maletín                                           carry-on bag

el maletero                                         porter

la mesita                                            tray table

el pase de abordar                                boarding pass

el pasaporte                                        passport

el pasillo                                            aisle

el reclamo de equipaje                          baggage claim area

la pista                                             runway

la sección de no fumar                         non-smoking section

el seleccionador de rayos                      x-ray machine

el talón                                            baggage claim ticket

la terminal                                        terminal building

el vuelo                                           flight

Useful Phrases

¿Qué terminal necesita Ud.?               What terminal do you need?

Busco la terminal norte.                    I'm looking for the north terminal.

¿Para dónde sale Ud.?                      Where are you headed?

Voy a México.                                I'm going to Mexico.

La terminal norte es para los vuelos internacionales.

                                                 The north terminal is for international flights.

¿Dónde puedo reclamar mi equipaje? Where can I claim my luggage?

¿Dónde está la aduana?                   Where is customs?

Por favor, ¿me puede ayudar con las maletas?

                                                 Could you please help me with my bags?

¿Me permite ver su talón?                Could I see your baggage claim ticket?

¿Cuántas maletas tiene?                  How many bags do you have?

 



Vocab de Viajar Spanish IV
Due Date: 1/14/2016
Subject: Spanish IV

EL VOCABULARIO DE ‘VIAJAR’                          

aduana custom

aeropuerto airport

agente agent

asiento seat

asistente de vuelo flight attendant

avión plane

báscula scale

billete/boleto ticket

control de pasaported passport inspection

control de seguridad security (security inspection)

copiloto copilot

destino destination

equipaj eluggage/baggage

fila row

línea aérea airline

llegada arrival

maletasuitcase

maleterotrunk (of a car)

mostradorcounter

pantallascreen

pasaportepassport

pase de abordarboarding pass

pilotopilot

puerta de salidadeparture gate

ropaclothes/clothing

salida departure

sección de no fumarno-smoking section

taxi taxi

tripulaciónflight crew

vuelo flight

abordar to board/to get on

aterrizarto land

desembarcarto disembark/to get off

despegarto take off

facturarto check (luggage)

inspeccionarto inspect

reclamarto claim (luggage)

recogerto collect/claim (luggage)

revisarto inspect

salidoexit

salirto leave

subirto go up/to get on

traer to bring

a bordoon board

a tiempo on time

en avión by plane

en este momento/ahorita right now

hacer la maleta to pack one's suitcase/luggage

hacer un viajeto take a trip

tarde late

 

 



Spn III CDA #2
Due Date: 11/20/2015
Subject: Spanish III


Spn IV CDA #2
Due Date: 11/13/2015
Subject: Spanish IV


Spn IV Presentacion de CDA #1
Due Date: 10/31/2015
Subject: Spanish IV


Spn II Reading/Comprehension CDA #1
Due Date: 10/31/2015
Subject: Spanish II


El cuerpo vocabulario
Due Date: 10/31/2015
Subject: Spanish II


Spn III Escuchar CDA #1
Due Date: 10/31/2015
Subject: Spanish III


El Vocabulario de Lazarillo parte 2
Due Date: 10/26/2015
Subject: Spanish III

EL VOCABULARIO DE LAZARILLO (PARTE 2-prólogo)

1.      agradable

2.      baja condición

3.      confianza

4.      ciertos

5.      cortesía

6.      daño

7.      detalle

8.      en vez de

9.      escudero

10.  me parece

11.  oído

12.  perteneciente

13.  principio

14.  romper

15.  siglo

16.  tratamiento

17.  tan

18.  vecino

19.  visto

20.  Vuestra Merced

21.  vos (y el verbo)

22.  debería

23.  dirigirse

24.  encontrar

25.  enfadarse

26.  enseñar

27.  esconder

28.  merecer

29.  molestar

30.  olvidarse

 

 



El Vocabulario de Don Juan Parte 2
Due Date: 10/14/2015
Subject: Spanish IV

El Vocabulario de Don Juan (parte 2)                                                                              Español IV

1.      además

2.      alrededor

3.      apuesta

4.      antipático

5.      asuntos

6.      campanada

7.      despacio

8.      detrás

9.      de repente

10.  embozado

11.  Emperador

12.  encender

13.  esconder

14.  extraño

15.  Guadalquivir

16.  he vuelto

17.  increíble

18.  ladrones

19.  me interesa

20.  me parece

21.  mientras

22.  mojarse

23.  muebles

24.  muerto

25.  noticias

26.  no me importa

27.  pasearse

28.  por lo menos

29.  quiso

30.  reconocer

31.  reír

32.  rincón

33.  saludar

34.  tapada

35.  tierra

36.  Túnez

37.  vacío

38.  valiente



Spanish III Vocab el Niñez
Due Date: 10/13/2015
Subject: Spanish III

Reading CDA and   Conjugation Test Vocabulary1

Nouns,   Adjectives, and other Expressions

Verbs and   Expressions

·  ¡qué + adjetivo!- How…

·  ¿cuál, cuáles?- Which one(s)

·  a menudo- often

·  aburrido- boring/bored

·  actividad- activity

·  actor/actriz- actor/actress

·  algún- any

·  allí- there

·  amigos- friends

·  animal- animal

·  año- year

·  ayer- yesterday

·  bien- fine, well

·  bote- boat

·  canción- song

·  carros chocones- bumper cars

·  carrusel- carrousel

·  cine- movie theater

·  ciudad- city

·  claro- of course

·  con/sin- with/without

·  concierto- concert

·  cuando- when

·  decada- decade

·  de aventura- adventure

·  de horror- horror

·  de todo- everything

·  deportes- sports

·  día- day

·  diversions- attractions

·  divertido- fun

·  domingo- Sunday

·  en- in/on/at

·  encantado- delighted

·  época- period (of time)

·  escuela- school

·  este, esta- this

·  estos, estas- these

·  estudio- study (noun)

·  fin de semana- weekend

·  fines de semana- weekends

·  futuro- future

·  grande- big/large

·  guitarra- guitar

·  helado- ice cream

·  hermano(a)- brother/sister

·  interesante- interesting

·  juegos mecánicos- rides

·  jueves- Thursday

·  juguete- toy

·  lejos/cerca- far/near

·  libre- free

·  lunes- Monday

·  mañana- tomorrow

·  la mañana- morning

·  martes- Tuesday

·  más- more

·  mes- month

·  mientras- while

·  miércoles- Wednesday

·  montaña rusa- roller coaster

·  mucho(a)- a lot

·  muchos(as)- many

·  muy- very

·  nada- nothing

·  ningún- none/not anyone

·  niño- child/small boy

·  nuestro(a)- our

·  oye- hey

·  pariente- relative (family)

·  parque- park

·  película- movie

·  pequeño- small

·  pero- but

·  piano- piano

·  playa- beach

·  policíaco- police (adjective)

·  práctico- practical

·  primaria- primary

·  primavera- spring

·  romántico- romantic

·  sábado- Saturday

·  secundaria- secondary

·  según- according to

·  semana- week

·  siempre- always

·  sobre- about/over

·  tal vez- maybe

·  también- also/too

·  tarde- late

·  la tarde- afternoon

·  tiempo- time

·  tipo- type

·  todo(a)- all, eveything

·  todos(as)- all, everyhting, everyone

·  universidad- university/college

·  vida- life

·  viernes- Friday

·  zoológico- zoo

· aprender-   learn

· bailar-   dance

· cantar-   sing

· comer-   eat

· conocer-   know (people, places)

· creer-   believe

· descansar-   rest

· discutir-   discuss

· divertirse-   have fun

· estar (temporary/location/-ndo)- be

· estudiar-   study

· gustar(gustaba-n/3rd   only)- like

· gustaría(n)-   would like

· haber/había-   there was/were

· hacer-   do/make

· hacer   buen tiempo- have good weather

· hacer   sol- be sunny

· imitar-   imitate

· interesar   (conjugate like gustar)- interest

· ir- go

· jugar-   play (game/sport)

· llamar- call

· llamarse-   be named

· llegar- arrive

· mirar-   watch/look

· parecer-   seem/appear

· parecerse-   look like

· participar-   participate

· pasar-   pass

· pasar   tiempo- spend time

· pasear-   ride/walk (for fun)

· pensar-   think

· poder-   can, be able to

· practicar-   practice

· querer-   want

· saber-   know (facts, information)

· ser- be

· subir-   climb/go up

· subirse-   get on/get into

· tener-   have

· tocar-   touch/play (instrument)

· tomar-   take/drink

· ver- see

· visitar-   visit

· vivir-   live



Spn III El Proyecto "Espana"
Due Date: 10/13/2015
Subject: Spanish III

Spanish III Proyecto: España

Cada grupo de estudiantes (3 estudiantes por grupo) preparará una presentación de una ciudad que se ha escogido.

 

Escoger de estas ciudades de España:

Alicante           Bilbao              Barcelona        Córdoba          Granada          León

Madrid                       Pamplona        Salamanca      Santander        Sevilla              Valladolid        Zaragoza

 

Se incluye en la Presentaciones:

·         Hablar a la clase (3-5 minutos por cada estudiante)

·         Infografia, power point, prezi, or poster

·         El mapa turista de la ciudad, el ‘brochure’ should be hard copies--to hand in-- AND should be in the presentation

·         Partes del reporte:

1.      el gobierno, la historia

2.      la cultura y las tradiciones, la comida

3.      la gente y la población, las noticias, el mapa

4.      entretenimientos, deportes, personas famosas

 

La fecha para terminarlo y presentarlo __________ (-10 puntos por cada día que es tarde)



Spn IV Escuchar de CDA #1
Due Date: 9/30/2015
Subject: Spanish IV


Spanish III Vocab Lazarillo
Due Date: 9/14/2015
Subject: Spanish III

Vocabulario de Lazarillo de Tormes

1.       a pesar de                                                                           VERBOS:

2.       adversidades                                                                     conocer

3.       alegre                                                                                   constituir

4.       autor                                                                                     dominar

5.       caballerías                                                                           nacer    

6.       clases bajas                                                                        seguir

7.       criado                                                                                    sobrevivir

8.       desarrolla                                                                            tuvo (past tense of tener)

9.       entonces                                                                             tener éxito                                                                        

10.   época                                                                                    utilizar

11.   estilo

12.   fortunas

13.   género

14.   gente del campo

15.   lector

16.   lejos

17.   lleno

18.   nacimiento

19.   personajes

20.   pastoriles

21.   sino

22.   temas

 



Spn III Presentacion de CDA #1
Due Date: 9/1/2015
Subject: Spanish III